Valerian is an herbaceous perennial native to Europe and temperate Asia. This cultivar selected for high concentration of valeric and valerenic constituents. One of nature’s best herbal sedatives. Root used for anxiety, insomnia, and pain relief. Also known as garden heliotrope, cat’s valerian, setwell, and St. George’s herb. Traditional usage (TWM): sedative.
Days to Harvest
500-550 to root harvest
Transplant (recommended): Sow seeds 3/8″ deep into soil mix, moisten, and keep temperatures at 65-68°F (18-20°C) until germination. Once germinated, valerian can be grown at normal greenhouse temperatures until large enough to transplant at 5-6″ tall. Transplant outside in the early spring when the ground can be worked.
Direct seed: Direct seed in the spring or fall, sowing about 1 seed per inch at a depth of 3/8- 1/2″. Thin to 12-18″ apart, in rows 3′ apart.
Valerian grows in a wide range of soils, but prefers a moist, but well-drained loam.
Prefers Full Sun (6 hours of direct light or more) or Partial Shade (3-6 hours)
12 – 18″
Zones 3 – 9
Medicinal: Roots are dug in the fall of the second year, after the vegetative growth begins to yellow and die back to the ground. Roots can also be dug in the spring before the plant bolts and flowers. Wash roots and dry in a warm area, 100°F/38°C.
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