Valerian Seed

Valeriana officinalis


Valeriana officinalis

Valerian is an herbaceous perennial native to Europe and temperate Asia. This cultivar selected for high concentration of valeric and valerenic constituents. One of nature’s best herbal sedatives. Root used for anxiety, insomnia, and pain relief. Also known as garden heliotrope, cat’s valerian, setwell, and St. George’s herb. Traditional usage (TWM): sedative.


Care Information


7-21 days

Days to Harvest

500-550 to root harvest


Transplant (recommended): Sow seeds 3/8″ deep into soil mix, moisten, and keep temperatures at 65-68°F (18-20°C) until germination. Once germinated, valerian can be grown at normal greenhouse temperatures until large enough to transplant at 5-6″ tall. Transplant outside in the early spring when the ground can be worked.
Direct seed: Direct seed in the spring or fall, sowing about 1 seed per inch at a depth of 3/8- 1/2″. Thin to 12-18″ apart, in rows 3′ apart. 

Soil Requirements

Valerian grows in a wide range of soils, but prefers a moist, but well-drained loam.

Light Preference

Prefers Full Sun (6 hours of direct light or more) or Partial Shade (3-6 hours)

Plant Spacing

12 – 18″

Hardiness Zones

Zones 3 – 9


Medicinal: Roots are dug in the fall of the second year, after the vegetative growth begins to yellow and die back to the ground. Roots can also be dug in the spring before the plant bolts and flowers. Wash roots and dry in a warm area, 100°F/38°C.


For more information on this herb, explore our farm library

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